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The medical term for blood in the urine is hematuria. Hematuria itself is not a disease. However, it often signals a health condition, and for this reason, this type of symptom should not be underestimated.
As already mentioned, the cause of urine appearing pink or red can be quite trivial. You may have had too much carbonated beverages containing a large amount of poor-quality colorants. The intake of certain foods can also cause such an effect, especially red beets. However, when a health problem is evident, the possibilities are most often the following:
This possibility is almost always the starting point. Inflammation of the urinary tract, such as cystitis, is among the most common causes of blood in the urine. Other similar conditions are enlarged prostate, the presence of stones or sand in the kidneys, cancer, and others.
If the above-mentioned problems are ruled out, then the cause should be sought elsewhere. Various diseases of the blood, blood vessels, consequences of taking certain medicines, neurological problems – they can all lead to this condition.
There may not always be warning symptoms to indicate a problem. Thus, a lot of people neglect their condition. However, if they feel unwell and in pain, they are much more likely to see a specialist.
It is surprising how many patients postpone seeing a doctor simply out of fear. Some are anxious about possible procedures, others of the possibility that they may hear an unpleasant diagnosis. Whatever the reason, a visit to a specialist should not be delayed. The problem will not go away on its own; rather, it will probably worsen, and the patient’s condition will exacerbate. The treatment process in such cases is longer, slower and, of course, more expensive.
In order to establish the reason for the blood in the urine, an ultrasound scan is usually done. It provides additional information on the condition of the organs. Adequate treatment is administered in combination with laboratory tests. If in doubt, your doctor may order a cystoscopy. The procedure is performed under general anesthesia and gives a clear picture of the condition of the urinary tract and the bladder itself. Additionally, tissue may be taken for histological examination in order to confirm or rule out certain doubts. Other possible procedures are MRI, tomography, microbiological examination.
Based on the tests carried out, appropriate therapy is prescribed to manage the problem in the long run. The prognosis is usually good, and there is no life-threatening condition. In some cases, symptoms prove the development of a cancerous problem that requires prompt action and adequate treatment.
If you notice traces of blood in your urine, it is essential to do the following things that will help your doctor make an accurate diagnosis.